A warehouse is an important place for enterprises to store and keep materials. Warehouse management is the core work of enterprise logistics management and a basic link in enterprise supply chain management, which is closely related to other departments. Inventory control level represents the overall management level of an enterprise, efficient inventory control management is an important step of enterprise management innovation, reduce costs, how to improve and improve the level of warehouse management, for enterprises to ensure production and supply, cost-saving, enhance the competitiveness of enterprises has practical significance. In order to better realize the enterprise warehouse management, it is necessary to strengthen the coordination and communication between various departments of the enterprise, so that the production can be carried out in a normal and orderly way. Warehouse management in the enterprise logistics link and value link is an indispensable key link, are the enterprise smooth production and efficient operation of logistics support. Enterprises constantly improve the level of warehouse management, ensure production and supply, save logistics costs, and reduce the occupation of inventory funds, so as to create good economic benefits for enterprises.
The Concept for Warehouse
A warehouse is a general term for buildings and places where goods are stored. The concept of a warehouse can be understood as the storage of goods, including means of production, tools, or other property, as well as facilities such as places and buildings for the storage of their quantity and value, and also includes land or water for operations to prevent the reduction or damage of goods. From the perspective of social-economic activities, no matter in the field of production or circulation, warehouses are inseparable.
The Necessity of Warehouse
It can effectively reduce the cost of transportation and production, thus reducing the total cost. Warehousing can finish the sorting, packaging, quality inspection, sorting, and other procedures before the goods enter the market, which can shorten the working time of follow-up links and speed up the circulation of goods.
What is the Function of the Warehouse
The most basic function of a warehouse is to store goods, and the storage of goods and control. But with people’s in-depth understanding of the concept of the warehouse, the warehouse is also responsible for goods processing, circulation processing, logistics management, information services, and other functions, its meaning is far beyond the single storage function.
In general, a warehouse has the following functions:
Warehousing and Storage Functions
Storage and storage are the most basic traditional functions of a warehouse. The warehouse has a certain space for storing goods. According to the characteristics of goods, the warehouse is also equipped with corresponding equipment to maintain the integrity of stored goods. For example, the warehouse storing precision instruments needs to be moisture-proof, dust-proof, and constant temperature. Control devices such as air conditioning and constant temperature should be installed. In the warehouse operation, to prevent the handling and stacking of damaged, crushed goods, the handling machine and operation method is constantly improved and perfect, so that the warehouse really plays the role of storage and storage.
Distribution and Processing Functions
The function of the modern warehouses has been transformed from storage type to circulation type, that is, warehouse from the original storage, storage of goods center to circulation, sales center. Modern warehouse not only has storage, storage of goods equipment but also increase the facilities such as packaging, supporting, bundling, circulation processing, and movement. In this way, it not only expands the warehouse’s operation, improves the comprehensive utilization rate of goods, but also facilitates consumers and improves service quality.
Function of Adjusting Cargo Transport Capacity
The transport capacity of various means of transport differs greatly, the transport capacity of ships is very big, maritime ships are generally above ten thousand tons; The transport capacity of trains is small, with each carriage carrying 30-60 tons, and each train carrying thousands of tons; The transport capacity of cars is relatively small, generally under 10 tons. The difference in transport capacity between them is also regulated and connected through the warehouse.
Information Transfer Function
The message transfer function always occurs with the above three functions. In dealing with the warehouse management of the various affairs, the need for timely and accurate warehouse information, for example, warehouse utilization level, in and out of frequency, warehouse location, warehouse transportation, customer demand, and warehouse personnel configuration, which is crucial to the success of warehouse management.
At present, in the warehouse of information transmission, more and more reliant on computers and the Internet, through the use of electronic data exchange system (EDI) or bar code technology to improve the accuracy of the speed of information transmission of warehouse goods, through the Internet to timely understand the use of the warehouse and the storage of goods.
Countermeasures to Improve the Level of Warehouse Management
Rationally reserve materials and adjust the inventory structure
For any enterprise, it is very necessary to maintain a certain amount of inventory. Reasonable inventory can make the overall operation of the enterprise more efficient and smooth. If the inventory control management is improper, it will bring high stock out of stock rate to the enterprise, replenishment is not timely, inventory turnover is not effective, or invalid inventory, capital backlog, increase the production and operation cost of the enterprise, to the survival and development of the enterprise. Therefore, effective control and management of inventory, reasonable arrangement of material varieties, and reserve ratio are particularly important.
Supply and Demand Should be More Closely Linked
Supply units and demand units need to be more closely linked. The material supply department should know more about the unit of urgent use or spare, specific was to use, the unit of material should know more about how much inventory, there is no substitute materials, the length of guaranteed supply, etc., to reduce the disjointed supply and demand process and over purchase problems. Make full use of existing inventory, play the role of inventory materials, as far as possible to improve inventory turnover, reduce scrap.
Play the Role of the Warehouse in Inventory Control
Not to the understanding of the traditional view is warehouse storage material, realize dynamic management of supplies to send and receive, the warehouse supplies, such as turnover days, transceiver deposit dynamic, timely reflect material overstock, and unreasonable inventory backlog of material information, is advantageous to the inventory analysis of funds, optimize inventory structure, accelerate the capital turnover, to provide the basis for decision-making.
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